We all are familiar with the process of aging, along with the passage of time our functional capacity declines. There are a range of physiological changes that happen within the body like decreased muscle strength, reduced mobility, stiff joints, poor balance, decreased bone density, reduced cardio-vascular capacity and increased body fat. These changes in the body cause reduced movement, increased risk of falls, fractures and decreased function, slowly affecting the independence of the individual. This way slowly the person gets home bound and even bed ridden in some cases.
Along with the various changes discussed above elderly people may also be suffering from diabetes, high blood pressure, stroke, arthritis, heart and lung diseases and many more conditions. These add up to the age related changes happening in the body and cause more functional decline. Therefore elderly people are more scared to get out of the house and become anxious which has a huge effect on their daily life and sense of independence as well as overall confidence.